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GATE 2024 Syllabus for Civil Engineering (CE)

Updated: 16.04.2024 By: Team Gatenotes

Candidates can improve their preparation by checking the GATE 2024 Syllabus for Civil Engineering.

Below are the chapter-wise important topics of the GATE Civil Engineering (CE) Syllabus that candidates should prepare for the exam. The sub-topics are listed in the GATE 2024 Civil Engineering syllabus pdf. Download the GATE CE syllabus 2024 PDF by clicking on the link provided below.

GATE Civil Complete CLASS NOTES For GATE 2024
GATE Civil Complete CLASS NOTES For GATE 2024

GATE CE Syllabus for General Aptitude

A. Verbal Ability:

Grammar, Vocabulary, Coding-Decoding & Series, Directions, Blood Relations, Arrangements, Syllogism, Inference & Assumptions, Clocks and Puzzles.

B. Numerical Ability:

Fundamentals, Equations, Percentage, Averages, Ratio & Propotions, Mixture and Alligations, Data Interpretation & Data Suffiency, Time, Speed & Distance, Time & Work, Set Theory & Venn Diagrams, Progression, Functions & Graphs, Logarthims, Permutations and Combinations, Probability, Geometry & Mensuration.

GATE 2024 Syllabus for Civil Engineering

I. GATE CE Syllabus for Engineering Mathematics
Linear Algebra:

Matrix algebra; Systems of linear equations; Eigen values and Eigen vectors.


Functions of single variable; Limit, continuity and differentiability; Mean value theorems, local maxima and minima, Taylor and Maclaurin series; Evaluation of definite and indefinite integrals, application of definite integral to obtain area and volume; Partial derivatives; Total derivative; Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.

Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE):

First order (linear and non-linear) equations; higher order linear equations with constant coefficients; Euler-Cauchy equations; Laplace transform and its application in solving linear ODEs; initial and boundary value problems.

Partial Differential Equation (PDE):

Fourier series; separation of variables; solutions of onedimensional diffusion equation; first and second order one-dimensional wave equation and two-dimensional Laplace equation.

Probability and Statistics:

Definitions of probability and sampling theorems; Conditional probability; Discrete Random variables: Poisson and Binomial distributions; Continuous random variables: normal and exponential distributions; Descriptive statistics – Mean, median, mode and standard deviation; Hypothesis testing.

Numerical Methods:

Accuracy and precision; error analysis. Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations; Least square approximation, Newton’s and Lagrange polynomials, numerical differentiation, Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule, single and multi-step methods for first order differential equations.

GATE Civil Complete CLASS NOTES For GATE 2024
GATE Civil Complete CLASS NOTES For GATE 2024
II. GATE Syllabus for CE Structural Engineering
Engineering Mechanics:

System of forces, free-body diagrams, equilibrium equations; Internal forces in structures; Friction and its applications; Kinematics of point mass and rigid body; Centre of mass; Euler’s equations of motion; Impulse-momentum; Energy methods; Principles of virtual work.

Solid Mechanics:

Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams; Simple stress and strain relationships; Theories of failures; Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, shear centre; Uniform torsion, buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses.

Structural Analysis:

Statically determinate and indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods; Method of superposition; Analysis of trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames; Displacement methods: Slope deflection and moment distribution methods; Influence lines; Stiffness and flexibility methods of structural analysis.

Construction Materials and Management:

Construction Materials: Structural steel - composition, material properties and behaviour; Concrete - constituents, mix design, short-term and long-term properties; Bricks and mortar; Timber; Bitumen. Construction Management: Types of construction projects; Tendering and construction contracts; Rate analysis and standard specifications; Cost estimation; Project planning and network analysis - PERT and CPM.

Concrete Structures:

Working stress, Limit state and Ultimate load design concepts; Design of beams, slabs, columns; Bond and development length; Prestressed concrete; Analysis of beam sections at transfer and service loads.

Steel Structures:

Working stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of tension and compression members, beams and beam- columns, column bases; Connections - simple and eccentric, beam-column connections, plate girders and trusses; Plastic analysis of beams and frames.

III. GATE CE Syllabus for Geo-technical Engineering
Soil Mechanics:

Origin of soils, soil structure and fabric; Three-phase system and phase relationships, index properties; Unified and Indian standard soil classification system; Permeability - one dimensional flow, Darcy’s law; Seepage through soils - two-dimensional flow, flow nets, uplift pressure, piping; Principle of effective stress, capillarity, seepage force and quicksand condition; Compaction in laboratory and field conditions; Onedimensional consolidation, time rate of consolidation; Mohr’s circle, stress paths, effective and total shear strength parameters, characteristics of clays and sand.

Foundation Engineering:

Sub-surface investigations - scope, drilling bore holes, sampling, plate load test, standard penetration and cone penetration tests; Earth pressure theories - Rankine and Coulomb; Stability of slopes - finite and infinite slopes, method of slices and Bishop’s method; Stress distribution in soils - Boussinesq’s and Westergaard’s theories, pressure bulbs; Shallow foundations - Terzaghi’s and Meyerhoff’s bearing capacity theories, effect of water table; Combined footing and raft foundation; Contact pressure; Settlement analysis in sands and clays; Deep foundations - types of piles, dynamic and static formulae, load capacity of piles in sands and clays, pile load test, negative skin friction.

GATE Civil Complete CLASS NOTES For GATE 2024
GATE Civil Complete CLASS NOTES For GATE 2024
IV. GATE Syllabus for CE Water Resources Engineering
Fluid Mechanics:

Properties of fluids, fluid statics; Continuity, momentum, energy and corresponding equations; Potential flow, applications of momentum and energy equations; Laminar and turbulent flow; Flow in pipes, pipe networks; Concept of boundary layer and its growth.


Forces on immersed bodies; Flow measurement in channels and pipes; Dimensional analysis and hydraulic similitude; Kinematics of flow, velocity triangles; Basics of hydraulic machines, specific speed of pumps and turbines; Channel Hydraulics - Energy-depth relationships, specific energy, critical flow, slope profile, hydraulic jump, uniform flow and gradually varied flow


Hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, evapo-transpiration, watershed, infiltration, unit hydrographs, hydrograph analysis, flood estimation and routing, reservoir capacity, reservoir and channel routing, surface run-off models, ground water hydrology - steady state well hydraulics and aquifers; Application of Darcy’s law.


Duty, delta, estimation of evapo-transpiration; Crop water requirements; Design of lined and unlined canals, head works, gravity dams and spillways; Design of weirs on permeable foundation; Types of irrigation systems, irrigation methods; Water logging and drainage; Canal regulatory works, cross-drainage structures, outlets and escapes.

V. GATE Syllabus for CE Environmental engineering
Water and Waste Water:

Quality standards, basic unit processes and operations for water treatment. Drinking water standards, water requirements, basic unit operations and unit processes for surface water treatment, distribution of water. Sewage and sewerage treatment, quantity and characteristics of wastewater. Primary, secondary and tertiary treatment of wastewater, effluent discharge standards. Domestic wastewater treatment, quantity of characteristics of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment. Unit operations and unit processes of domestic wastewater, sludge disposal.

Air Pollution:

Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution meteorology, air pollution control, air quality standards and limits.

Municipal Solid Wastes:

Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment and disposal).

Noise Pollution:

Impacts of noise, permissible limits of noise pollution, measurement of noise and control of noise pollution.

VI. GATE Syllabus for CE Transportation Engineering
Transportation Infrastructure:

Highway alignment and engineering surveys; Geometric design of highways - cross-sectional elements, sight distances, horizontal and vertical alignments; Geometric design of railway track; Airport runway length, taxiway and exit taxiway design.

Highway Pavements:

Highway materials - desirable properties and quality control tests; Design of bituminous paving mixes; Design factors for flexible and rigid pavements; Design of flexible pavement using IRC: 37-2012; Design of rigid pavements using IRC: 58-2011; Distresses in concrete pavements.

Traffic Engineering:

Traffic studies on flow, speed, travel time - delay and O-D study, PCU, peak hour factor, parking study, accident study and analysis, statistical analysis of traffic data; Microscopic and macroscopic parameters of traffic flow, fundamental relationships; Control devices, signal design by Webster’s method; Types of intersections and channelization; Highway capacity and level of service of rural highways and urban roads.

VII. GATE CE Syllabus for Geomatics Engineering

Principles of surveying; Errors and their adjustment; Maps - scale, coordinate system; Distance and angle measurement - Levelling and trigonometric levelling; Traversing and triangulation survey; Total station; Horizontal and vertical curves. Photogrammetry - scale, flying height; Remote sensing - basics, platform and sensors, visual image interpretation; Basics of Geographical information system (GIS) and Geographical Positioning system (GPS).

GATE Syllabus 2024 For Civil engineering- Download PDF File Here

GATE Civil Complete CLASS NOTES For GATE 2024
GATE Civil Complete CLASS NOTES For GATE 2024

GATE Subject Wise Weightage for Civil Engineering

In addition to understanding the GATE Syllabus, it is also important that each GATE aspirant follows the GATE exam pattern and understands the subject of wise weighting for each and every subject. Understanding GATE Civil Subjects Weightage, students can score better marks on GATE Civil Exam.

With GATE Civil Subject Weightage Analysis, GATE aspirants can put proper efforts for the subjects that are carrying more marks and prepare effectively.

Thorough analysis of subject wise weightage of Civil Subject can help the GATE candidates to achieve good rank in the GATE Civil exam & qualify for PG Programs or secure jobs in PSU Companies .

GATE SUBJECTS GATE 2014 GATE 2015 GATE 2016 GATE 2017 GATE 2018 GATE 2019 GATE 2020 GATE 2021 GATE 2022
Engineering Mathematics* 9% 13% 15% 12.5% 11.5% 10.5% 11.5% 13% 13%
Irrigation & Hydrology 2% 5% 4% 5.5% 5% 5.5% 5.5% 6% 3%
Fluid Mechanics 26% 5% 7% 7.5% 8.5% 9% 7.5% 6% 9%
Environmental Engineering* 10% 8% 10% 11% 10% 9% 11% 5% 10%
Structural Analysis 11% 4.5% 3% 6.5% 1.5% 4.5% 6% 2% 8%
Geotechnical Engineering* 12% 15% 15% 12.5% 14% 16% 14.5% 14% 13%
Transportation Engineering* 10% 7% 6% 8.5% 9.5% 9.5% 11% 11% 7%
Geomatics Engineering 5% 6% 5% 4.5% 4% 6% 14.5% 4% 8%
R.C.C. 5% 7% 5% 5% 7% 5% 5% 9% 5%
Steel Structures 4% 5.5% 3% 2% 4.5% 5% 2.5% 1% 2%
General Aptitude* 15% 15% 15% 15% 15% 15% 15% 15% 14%
Construction Materials & Management New Subject 5% 3% 0.5% 1% 0.5% 3% 3%
Engineering Mechanics New Subject 3.5% 1% 3% 0.5% 1% 5% 1%
Solid Mechanics 3% 7% 3.5% 5.5% 6% 3.5% 4% 6% 2%
GATE Civil Complete CLASS NOTES For GATE 2024
GATE Civil Complete CLASS NOTES For GATE 2024

GATE Exam Pattern 2024: Key Highlights

Particulars Details

Examination Mode

Computer Based Test (CBT)


3 Hours

Number of Subjects (Papers)



General Aptitude (GA) + Candidate’s Selected Subject

Type of Questions

  • 1. Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)
  • 2. Multiple Select Questions (MSQ) and/or
  • 3. Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions

Questions test these abilities

  • 1. Recall
  • 2. Comprehension
  • 3. Application
  • 4. Analysis and Synthesis

Number of Questions

10 (GA) + 55 (subject) = 65 Questions

Distribution of Marks in all Papers EXCEPT papers AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH, XH and XL

General Aptitude: 15 Marks + Engineering Mathematics: 13 Marks + Subject Questions: 72 Marks = Total: 100 Marks

Distribution of Marks in papers AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH, XH and XL

General Aptitude: 15 Marks + Subject Questions: 85 Marks = Total: 100 Marks

Marking Scheme

All of the questions will be of 1 mark or 2 marks

GATE Civil Complete CLASS NOTES For GATE 2024
GATE Civil Complete CLASS NOTES For GATE 2024

How to effectively study GATE Syllabus 2024?

1. Check all the Important Topics & Mark them.

2. Collect previous year GATE question paper.

3. Make study notes of most asked questions on important topics.

4. Update yourself with online study notes from the GATE syllabus.

5. Practice complex topics more & more in order to solve them easily for the exam.

6. Prepare calendar on the weekly and monthly basis to study the subjects on the priority basis.

7. Start revision of the most frequently asked topics in the syllabus before 15 days of the exam.

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