Grammar, Vocabulary, CodingDecoding & Series, Directions, Blood Relations, Arrangements, Syllogism, Inference & Assumptions, Clocks and Puzzles.
Fundamentals, Equations, Percentage, Averages, Ratio & Propotions, Mixture and Alligations, Data Interpretation & Data Suffiency, Time, Speed & Distance, Time & Work, Set Theory & Venn Diagrams, Progression, Functions & Graphs, Logarthims, Permutations and Combinations, Probability, Geometry & Mensuration.
Matrix algebra; Systems of linear equations; Eigen values and Eigen vectors.
Functions of single variable; Limit, continuity and differentiability; Mean value theorems, local maxima and minima, Taylor and Maclaurin series; Evaluation of definite and indefinite integrals, application of definite integral to obtain area and volume; Partial derivatives; Total derivative; Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.
First order (linear and nonlinear) equations; higher order linear equations with constant coefficients; EulerCauchy equations; Laplace transform and its application in solving linear ODEs; initial and boundary value problems.
Fourier series; separation of variables; solutions of onedimensional diffusion equation; first and second order onedimensional wave equation and twodimensional Laplace equation.
Definitions of probability and sampling theorems; Conditional probability; Discrete Random variables: Poisson and Binomial distributions; Continuous random variables: normal and exponential distributions; Descriptive statistics – Mean, median, mode and standard deviation; Hypothesis testing.
Accuracy and precision; error analysis. Numerical solutions of linear and nonlinear algebraic equations; Least square approximation, Newton’s and Lagrange polynomials, numerical differentiation, Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule, single and multistep methods for first order differential equations.
System of forces, freebody diagrams, equilibrium equations; Internal forces in structures; Friction and its applications; Kinematics of point mass and rigid body; Centre of mass; Euler’s equations of motion; Impulsemomentum; Energy methods; Principles of virtual work.
Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams; Simple stress and strain relationships; Theories of failures; Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, shear centre; Uniform torsion, buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses.
Statically determinate and indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods; Method of superposition; Analysis of trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames; Displacement methods: Slope deflection and moment distribution methods; Influence lines; Stiffness and flexibility methods of structural analysis.
Construction Materials: Structural steel  composition, material properties and behaviour; Concrete  constituents, mix design, shortterm and longterm properties; Bricks and mortar; Timber; Bitumen. Construction Management: Types of construction projects; Tendering and construction contracts; Rate analysis and standard specifications; Cost estimation; Project planning and network analysis  PERT and CPM.
Working stress, Limit state and Ultimate load design concepts; Design of beams, slabs, columns; Bond and development length; Prestressed concrete; Analysis of beam sections at transfer and service loads.
Working stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of tension and compression members, beams and beam columns, column bases; Connections  simple and eccentric, beamcolumn connections, plate girders and trusses; Plastic analysis of beams and frames.
Origin of soils, soil structure and fabric; Threephase system and phase relationships, index properties; Unified and Indian standard soil classification system; Permeability  one dimensional flow, Darcy’s law; Seepage through soils  twodimensional flow, flow nets, uplift pressure, piping; Principle of effective stress, capillarity, seepage force and quicksand condition; Compaction in laboratory and field conditions; Onedimensional consolidation, time rate of consolidation; Mohr’s circle, stress paths, effective and total shear strength parameters, characteristics of clays and sand.
Subsurface investigations  scope, drilling bore holes, sampling, plate load test, standard penetration and cone penetration tests; Earth pressure theories  Rankine and Coulomb; Stability of slopes  finite and infinite slopes, method of slices and Bishop’s method; Stress distribution in soils  Boussinesq’s and Westergaard’s theories, pressure bulbs; Shallow foundations  Terzaghi’s and Meyerhoff’s bearing capacity theories, effect of water table; Combined footing and raft foundation; Contact pressure; Settlement analysis in sands and clays; Deep foundations  types of piles, dynamic and static formulae, load capacity of piles in sands and clays, pile load test, negative skin friction.
Properties of fluids, fluid statics; Continuity, momentum, energy and corresponding equations; Potential flow, applications of momentum and energy equations; Laminar and turbulent flow; Flow in pipes, pipe networks; Concept of boundary layer and its growth.
Forces on immersed bodies; Flow measurement in channels and pipes; Dimensional analysis and hydraulic similitude; Kinematics of flow, velocity triangles; Basics of hydraulic machines, specific speed of pumps and turbines; Channel Hydraulics  Energydepth relationships, specific energy, critical flow, slope profile, hydraulic jump, uniform flow and gradually varied flow
Hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, evapotranspiration, watershed, infiltration, unit hydrographs, hydrograph analysis, flood estimation and routing, reservoir capacity, reservoir and channel routing, surface runoff models, ground water hydrology  steady state well hydraulics and aquifers; Application of Darcy’s law.
Duty, delta, estimation of evapotranspiration; Crop water requirements; Design of lined and unlined canals, head works, gravity dams and spillways; Design of weirs on permeable foundation; Types of irrigation systems, irrigation methods; Water logging and drainage; Canal regulatory works, crossdrainage structures, outlets and escapes.
Quality standards, basic unit processes and operations for water treatment. Drinking water standards, water requirements, basic unit operations and unit processes for surface water treatment, distribution of water. Sewage and sewerage treatment, quantity and characteristics of wastewater. Primary, secondary and tertiary treatment of wastewater, effluent discharge standards. Domestic wastewater treatment, quantity of characteristics of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment. Unit operations and unit processes of domestic wastewater, sludge disposal.
Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution meteorology, air pollution control, air quality standards and limits.
Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment and disposal).
Impacts of noise, permissible limits of noise pollution, measurement of noise and control of noise pollution.
Highway alignment and engineering surveys; Geometric design of highways  crosssectional elements, sight distances, horizontal and vertical alignments; Geometric design of railway track; Airport runway length, taxiway and exit taxiway design.
Highway materials  desirable properties and quality control tests; Design of bituminous paving mixes; Design factors for flexible and rigid pavements; Design of flexible pavement using IRC: 372012; Design of rigid pavements using IRC: 582011; Distresses in concrete pavements.
Traffic studies on flow, speed, travel time  delay and OD study, PCU, peak hour factor, parking study, accident study and analysis, statistical analysis of traffic data; Microscopic and macroscopic parameters of traffic flow, fundamental relationships; Control devices, signal design by Webster’s method; Types of intersections and channelization; Highway capacity and level of service of rural highways and urban roads.
Principles of surveying; Errors and their adjustment; Maps  scale, coordinate system; Distance and angle measurement  Levelling and trigonometric levelling; Traversing and triangulation survey; Total station; Horizontal and vertical curves. Photogrammetry  scale, flying height; Remote sensing  basics, platform and sensors, visual image interpretation; Basics of Geographical information system (GIS) and Geographical Positioning system (GPS).
GATE Syllabus 2024 For Civil engineering Download PDF File Here
In addition to understanding the GATE Syllabus, it is also important that each GATE aspirant follows the GATE exam pattern and understands the subject of wise weighting for each and every subject.
Understanding GATE Civil Subjects Weightage, students can score better marks on GATE Civil Exam.
With GATE Civil Subject Weightage Analysis, GATE aspirants can put proper efforts for the subjects that are carrying more marks and prepare effectively.
Thorough analysis of subject wise weightage of Civil Subject can help the GATE candidates to achieve good rank in the GATE Civil exam & qualify for PG Programs or secure jobs in PSU Companies
.
GATE SUBJECTS  GATE 2014  GATE 2015  GATE 2016  GATE 2017  GATE 2018  GATE 2019  GATE 2020  GATE 2021  GATE 2022 

Engineering Mathematics*  9%  13%  15%  12.5%  11.5%  10.5%  11.5%  13%  13% 
Irrigation & Hydrology  2%  5%  4%  5.5%  5%  5.5%  5.5%  6%  3% 
Fluid Mechanics  26%  5%  7%  7.5%  8.5%  9%  7.5%  6%  9% 
Environmental Engineering*  10%  8%  10%  11%  10%  9%  11%  5%  10% 
Structural Analysis  11%  4.5%  3%  6.5%  1.5%  4.5%  6%  2%  8% 
Geotechnical Engineering*  12%  15%  15%  12.5%  14%  16%  14.5%  14%  13% 
Transportation Engineering*  10%  7%  6%  8.5%  9.5%  9.5%  11%  11%  7% 
Geomatics Engineering  5%  6%  5%  4.5%  4%  6%  14.5%  4%  8% 
R.C.C.  5%  7%  5%  5%  7%  5%  5%  9%  5% 
Steel Structures  4%  5.5%  3%  2%  4.5%  5%  2.5%  1%  2% 
General Aptitude*  15%  15%  15%  15%  15%  15%  15%  15%  14% 
Construction Materials & Management  New Subject  5%  3%  0.5%  1%  0.5%  3%  3%  
Engineering Mechanics  New Subject  3.5%  1%  3%  0.5%  1%  5%  1%  
Solid Mechanics  3%  7%  3.5%  5.5%  6%  3.5%  4%  6%  2% 
Particulars  Details 

Examination Mode 
Computer Based Test (CBT) 
Duration 
3 Hours 
Number of Subjects (Papers) 
27 
Sections 
General Aptitude (GA) + Candidate’s Selected Subject 
Type of Questions 

Questions test these abilities 

Number of Questions 
10 (GA) + 55 (subject) = 65 Questions 
Distribution of Marks in all Papers EXCEPT papers AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH, XH and XL 
General Aptitude: 15 Marks + Engineering Mathematics: 13 Marks + Subject Questions: 72 Marks = Total: 100 Marks 
Distribution of Marks in papers AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH, XH and XL 
General Aptitude: 15 Marks + Subject Questions: 85 Marks = Total: 100 Marks 
Marking Scheme 
All of the questions will be of 1 mark or 2 marks 
1. Check all the Important Topics & Mark them.
2. Collect previous year GATE question paper.
3. Make study notes of most asked questions on important topics.
4. Update yourself with online study notes from the GATE syllabus.
5. Practice complex topics more & more in order to solve them easily for the exam.
6. Prepare calendar on the weekly and monthly basis to study the subjects on the priority basis.
7. Start revision of the most frequently asked topics in the syllabus before 15 days of the exam.
GATE 2024 Syllabus for Civil Engineering (CE)
Quick Links:
Candidates can improve their preparation by checking the GATE 2024 Syllabus for Civil Engineering.
Below are the chapterwise important topics of the GATE Civil Engineering (CE) Syllabus that candidates should prepare for the exam. The subtopics are listed in the GATE 2024 Civil Engineering syllabus pdf. Download the GATE CE syllabus 2024 PDF by clicking on the link provided below.